We know that Router interfaces uses CEF switching on all of its interfaces. When the CPU is too busy to switch the new incoming packets, these packets will be stored in the Input Queue. There is only 1 Input queue and the queuing mechanism is always FIFO. By default the maximum packets can fill up this queue are 75 packets. This value can be change with
hold-queue <value> in under the interface command. If the input queue is full and the CPU still not able to switch the packets. New incoming packets will be dropped.
R1#sh int f0/0
Input queue: 0/75/0/0 (size/max/drops/flushes); Total output drops: 0
Queueing strategy: fifo
R1(config-if)#hold-queue 100 in
R1#sh int f0/0
Input queue: 0/100/0/0 (size/max/drops/flushes); Total output drops: 0
Queueing strategy: fifo ! This is OUTPUT Queuing mechanism.
By default, IPv6 addresses configured on an interface are advertised in Router Advertisement (RA). The command
ipv6 nd prefix no-advertise will block the RA for the specified prefix. Command
ipv6 nd prefix <IPv6> 14400 14400 no-autoconfig will advertise the prefix with A-bit (AUTOCONFIG) bit cleared.
This will work for scenario where you want to block the RA for specific address (no-advertise) or just want to block the specific address from being used for stateless auto-configuration (no-autoconfig).
In addition to that, by default, RA is automatically advertised on Ethernet or FDDI interface (but not other type of interface).
ipv6 nd ra suppress will supress periodic unsolicited RA, but it does not suppress RAs in response to a Router Solicitation (RS). Use
ipv6 nda ra suppress all to suppress all.
First, What’s DTP? Having a look on Google will reveal quite a few (if not too many) article about DTP. It’s basically a protocol which negotiate whether a link should turn into a Trunk link or not. You might be aware that the newer switches (e.g. 3560 on-wards) will have its link set as
Dynamic Auto by default.
3560(config)#do sh int f0/14 sw | i Administrative Mode
Administrative Mode: dynamic auto
I’m intrigued with Diffie-Hellman usage in IPSec. Most of the sources you can find in the internet will explain you how Diffie-Hellman work. You might want to visit this YouTube video about Diffie-Hellman Key Exchange and probably another YouTube video if you still not getting it.
Skipped the history side of this, in short, Diffie-Hellman is a method so that you can exchange your secret key without the need to pass that key over the network. It can be done with this 5 simple steps.
Step 1. Set up Classification Policy
ip access-list ACL_QOS_GOLD
It’s been a good experience so far, knowing that I failed my CCIE R&S lab for the second time. Well, certainly not the best outcome but certainly was a good experience.
Last year, 31 May 2012, I failed my first lab exam. That time was pretty rough. I was too emotional and nearly walking out of the building for not knowing enough of the technologies. I came out of the building felling stress out. It could probably be that I went to the exam just couple of days after I finished with Narbik’s Bootcamp. Exhausted and agitated.
This is the third part of Cisco 3560 MLS QOS. Previously I’ve discussed about Classification and Marking and Ingress Queuing.
Now, it has come to the part where packets are ready to be sent out. The idea is quite similar with Ingress Queuing but Egress has 4 Queues instead of only 2 for Ingress. Unlike Ingress Queues, Egress Queues has two sets of Queue configuration templates. It is called Queue-set 1 and Queue-set 2. This can be handy if you require to have two different settings for access ports and trunk ports. You will be able to configure Queue-set 1 with particular setup and have another different setup for Queue-set 2.
This is the second part of Cisco 3560 MLS QOS. Previously I’ve discused about Classification and Marking which can be found here.
For this second part, I’ll try to explain about the Ingress Queueing mechanism and how can we modify this to prioritize traffic.
MLS QOS has been one of the greatest fear for my CCIE RS exam. I’ve read it several times, labbed it more than 3 times, but still I just cannot understand it. Then I decided to write my own notes to teach myself and hopefully any of you mere mortals like me.
I’ll start with this Classification and Marking and let see how deep the rabbit hole goes for the next few parts.